Russia is investing in the faltering of American perceptions in the Sudanese crisis.
Moscow sets its eyes on Khartoum, wants a view of the Red Sea, and finds a suitable way to achieve the goal in Sudan.
KHARTOUM - Russia sent veiled signals regarding the possibility of its active contribution to settling the conflict in Sudan between the army and the Rapid Support Forces during its reception of the Vice-President of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council, Malik Agar, benefiting from the stumbling of the US-Saudi mediation and the ineffectiveness of the pressures and temptations exerted by Washington on both sides of the conflict.
Moscow is feeling the pulse to intervene after it found an opportunity ripe to participate in the cease-fire process in light of the faltering of many regional and international efforts so far, investing in its good ties with the army commander, head of the Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, and the commander of the Rapid Support, Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo (Hemedti). ).
Agar pointed out on Friday that the Sudanese delegation visiting Moscow spoke with Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov about political issues and ending the war, did not talk about the supply of weapons, and received a promise that Sudan would receive support and humanitarian aid.
Agar asked for Russia's help in ending the war in Sudan. During the meeting with Lavrov, he briefed Lavrov on the road map to resolve the crisis. He said, "We consider Russia a friendly country, and we ask it to provide economic and strategic assistance as well."
Sergey Lavrov: Russia is following the situation in Sudan with concern and is ready to help resolve the conflict
Lavrov confirmed Thursday that Russia is concerned about the situation in Sudan and is ready to help resolve the conflict. Its diplomatic mission in Khartoum is in contact with the concerned parties.
The Vice-President of the Sovereignty Council began an extensive tour that included several countries in the region to explain the political, military, and humanitarian situation that led him to Moscow in an attempt to gain sympathy for Al-Burhan after the increasing bumps faced by the Sudanese army in the field, the intensity of the losses incurred and the difficulty of deciding with military tools.
Observers say that Aqar's arrival in Moscow came after Khartoum received positive messages from it expressing its willingness to intervene to mediate between Al-Burhan and Hamidti and to invest in the apparent American faltering in reaching a stable armistice that paves the way for a cease-fire.
These observers add that Russia greatly desires to obtain military influence in Sudan and seeks to restore consideration to a previous agreement regarding possessing a naval base in Port Sudan, which the United States strongly opposes.
Western reports revealed that the Russian Wagner forces provided military aid to the Rapid Support Forces in the current conflict, which makes Russia a non-neutral mediator and an indirect party to the war, which caused American annoyance recently for fear of devoting its influence in Sudan under its close relations with Al-Burhan and Hamidti. Washington seemed close to dealing with the crisis early on using carrots and sticks.
Moscow remained silent about the war, and its declared positions did not depart from support for armistices and the search for a formula for a cease-fire and a settlement of the conflict within the general actions of the international community. Sudan called several countries that could influence the situation in the country and international politics and believes that Russia is one of the countries that play an essential role on the world stage.
◙ A hard-to-decipher puzzle
Agar's visit to Moscow revealed the latter's willingness to respond to the idea of mediation between the two conflicting parties. Still, it has not announced a detailed plan yet. Still, it can use the current moment to launch an initiative that may have local and regional consensus for fear that the current impasse will lead to the continuation of the conflict and its spiral out of control.
In his meeting with Lavrov, Agar explained Sudan's position, the essence of the conflict and its requirements, and the attempts made by Sudan's neighboring countries to settle the crisis were identified, referring to discussing issues of bilateral relations away from the conflict, "and we found a response."
Lavrov announced his country's readiness to help resolve the conflict that has raged in Sudan since mid-April, saying, "We are following the situation in Sudan with concern and are ready to help resolve the conflict and create conditions for normalization."
Moscow has been eyeing Sudan for some time and wants a view of the Red Sea. Sudan is a suitable gateway to achieving this goal, and the raging conflict between the army and the Rapid Support Forces could provide an opportunity for it to intervene to fuel or stop the war.
◙ Moscow is feeling the pulse to intervene after finding the opportunity to participate in the cease-fire process in light of the faltering of many regional and international efforts so far.
Observers warned against repeating the Syrian and Libyan models in Sudan, as Russia has established its military foothold in Syria, possessed a base on the Mediterranean, and sent an army of Wagner forces to fight in Libya, which confused many Western calculations.
Lavrov asked for recommendations on how Russia and other members of the international community can contribute to overcoming the crisis, adding, "We will take this opportunity to review our bilateral cooperation and identify ways for further development."
The Russian interest in presenting a political approach in Sudan appears surrounded by intertwined internal challenges. The long Russian arm (Wagner) that Moscow uses to achieve its goals in African countries is facing a complex crisis after its commander, Yevgeny Prigozhin, declared rebellion against the Russian military leadership and talked about rearranging the conditions of these forces.
In addition, the United States and the West, in general, may mobilize their energy to prevent Moscow's direct entry into the ongoing conflict in Sudan and prevent it from benefiting politically or militarily. Russia has accounts that frighten Western circles and make them worry about reproducing the experiences of Syria or Libya, with Moscow having good relations with both sides of the conflict in the conflict. Sudan.
Khartoum needs an initiative or mediation in which regional and international parties participate to prevent polarization between the major powers that will negatively affect the conflict. Resorting to Russia or others by Khartoum does not involve a call for direct intervention in the war. Still, it comes within the framework of neutralizing the influential forces in regional conflicts.
Agar had stressed to the Chairman of the African Union Commission and the UN envoy the importance of stopping the war in Sudan, pointing out that the situation in his country needs a serious peace process under the umbrella of the African Union and the United Nations.